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  5. 5 Types Of White Spots On Face And How To Manage Them

We understand, white spots on the face can be irritating! Be it the patches of discoloration, the small bumps or all the different forms they come in. The good news is that these spots have effective treatments.

Before you start any skincare treatment, you need to do a thorough skin test in order to choose the right products. Read on to know more about white spots and ways to fight them.

1. Milia

Milia

Milia is usually seen on babies but are also found on adults. [1] They are small, round, hard, white bumps on the face. Also called as milk spots, they usually appear around the eyes, cheeks and nose.

A. Causes

Milk spots on face are formed when keratin (a protein in the upper layer of the skin) and dead skin cells get trapped below the skin surface. Milia can manifest due to an allergic reaction to a harsh skincare product or due to sun exposure.

B. Treatment

  • Extraction of Keratin: A certified dermatologist will use a medical grade needle to extract the keratin.

    2. Pityriasis Alba

    Pityriasis Alba (latin: scaly patches) is a skin condition and a type of eczema that causes flaky patches of discolored skin.

    A. Causes

    The exact cause of this skin condition is unknown. But it is attributed to sun exposure leading to hypopigmentation.

    B. Treatment

    Pityriasis Alba clears on its own and does not require medical attention. Applying moisturizer and topical steroid like hydrocortisone can reduce the itchiness if any. Get to know your skin before you start the treatment [2].

    3. Vitiligo

    Vitiligo

    Vitiligo is a skin condition that leads to loss of pigment (melanin) in the skin. These patches start small and can spread to other parts of the body. [3]

    A. Causes

    Doctors believe that vitiligo forms when antibodies that destroy melanin are produced in the body. People with a family history of vitiligo have a high chance of getting it.

    B. Treatments

    • Topical creams
    • Ultraviolet light therapy
    • Oral medication
    • Skin grafting (removing skin from one part of the body and attaching to another part of the body)

    It is advised that people with vitiligo always wear sunscreen as direct sun rays will cause damage and burn the affected skin.

    4. Tinea Versicolor

    Tinea versicolor

    Tinea versicolor is a condition in which lighter or darker patches are formed on the skin. They occur due to a kind of fungus on the skin and is not contagious in most cases.

    A. Causes

    A fungus (yeast) causes Tinea versicolor and in some cases, it can lead to a rash.

    B. Treatments

    Dermatologists recommend anti fungal creams, shampoos, soaps, etc. to treat Tinea versicolor. Antifungal medication like fluconazole can also be used to stop and prevent this condition. [4]

    Note: Tinea versicolor may occur in pregnant women, but the condition is restored after the hormone levels are back to normal.

    5. Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis

    Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis are white spots often called sun spots.

    Although the cause of Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis is unknown, it is believed to be related to prolonged UV exposure.

    A. Causes

    Prolonged UV exposure.

    B. Treatments

    Topical steroids can be used to reduce skin inflammation. Retinoids work by stimulating cell growth and hyperpigmentation.

    Most white spots are harmless. But consider making a visit to your dermatologist when the spots begin to grow in size or spread.

    Begin By Knowing Your Skin

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