We understand, white spots on the face can be irritating! Be it the patches of discoloration, the small bumps or all the different forms they come in.
The good news is that these spots have effective treatments. Read on to know more about them.
Milia is usually seen on babies but are also found on adults.  They are small, round, hard, white bumps on the face. Also called milk spots, they usually appear around the eyes, cheeks and nose.
Milk spots on face are formed when keratin (a protein in the upper layer of the skin) and dead skin cells get trapped below the skin surface. Milia can manifest due to an allergic reaction to a harsh skincare product or due to sun exposure.
Extraction of keratin:A certified dermatologist will use a medical grade needle to extract the keratin.
Retinoid cream: This can be used on areas other than those surrounding the eyes.
Microdermabrasion: Upper layers of the affected area are removed.
2. Pityriasis Alba
Pityriasis Alba (latin: scaly patches) is a skin condition and a type of eczema that causes flaky patches of discolored skin.
The exact cause of this skin condition is unknown. But it is attributed to sun exposure leading to hypopigmentation.
Thinking about how to get rid of pityriasis alba? Pityriasis Alba clears on its own and does not require medical attention. Applying moisturizer and topical steroid like hydrocortisone can reduce the itchiness if any. 
Vitiligo is a skin condition that leads to loss of pigment (melanin) in the skin. These patches or small white spots on face (remove) start small and can spread to other parts of the body. 
Doctors believe that vitiligo on cheeks forms when antibodies that destroy melanin are produced in the body. People with a family history of vitiligo have a high chance of getting it.
- Topical creams
- Ultraviolet light therapy
- Oral medication
- Skin grafting (removing skin from one part of the body and attaching to another part of the body)
It is advised that people with vitiligo always wear sunscreen as direct sun rays will cause damage and burn the affected skin.
4. Tinea Versicolor
Tinea versicolor is a condition in which lighter or darker patches are formed on the skin. They occur due to a kind of fungus on the skin and is not contagious in most cases.
A fungus (yeast) causes Tinea versicolor and in some cases, it can lead to a rash.
Dermatologists recommend anti fungal creams, shampoos, soaps, etc. to treat Tinea versicolor. Antifungal medication like fluconazole can also be used to stop and prevent this condition. 
Tinea versicolor may occur in pregnant women, but the condition is restored after the hormone levels are back to normal.
5. Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis
Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis are often called sun spots.
Although the cause of Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis is unknown, it is believed to be related to prolonged UV exposure.
Topical steroids can be used to reduce skin inflammation. Retinoids work by stimulating cell growth and hyperpigmentation. The best way to prevent this skin condition is by using a sunblock.  (remove and remove fifth citation)
Most white spots are harmless and you can stop wondering what they are. But consider making a visit to your dermatologist when the spots begin to grow in size or spread.
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